Know Your Perfume | The Secrets | Session-1
Most of us are a daily user of perfume but few of us are well known to perfume and many others just pick the perfume by smelling the fragrance into it or by reference from others like TV advertisement, friend, or just by perfumer recommendations.
If we can shop for clothes by our own choice then why not the perfume that we wear daily.
In this blog, I will be helping you out for an understanding of perfume. Once you understand the perfume, you will be able to identify it and choose the perfume of your own choice.
So, continuing to the discussion, the perfumery is itself a science and requires at least 02 years to study it deeply and takes a lifetime to learn so many fragrances available in the world. In this session, I will be taking you only through the important facts that a common person should know at least for the right choice.
What is Perfume?
The word Perfume comes from Latin (“Per” + “Fumum”) which means “Per” = THROUGH and “Fumum” = SMOKE. This is the basic concept of perfume from the origin of perfumery science. In ancient times, the first perfume was invented by smelling the fragrance through smoke when a wood containing the fragrant volatile oils was burnt hence it was named Per Fumum in Latin.
First Ancient Perfume
Ancient Egyptian priests used fragrant woods to ground it to powder and mix it with fragrant gums, resins, and spices like cinnamon, clove, and many others. It was named “KHAPHI” the first perfume and was burned during praying to please God. Later on, the application was started to be used by the person (Man or Woman) but significant users were the King (or Royal Family) or the rich person.
Wearing the perfumes at that time was considered an honor.
I believe that knowing this fact would have made you curious to know more. Nevertheless, I will be sharing more basics about perfume.
Components of Perfume
So, now the first perfume was discovered and people started discovering more and more fragrant materials and adopted several methods to extract fragrance from those materials. Today we know these extracts as “Essential Oil” or the “Carrier”. This opened up a new market and when you google it, you must get exposure to it.
Coming back to the topic, now the challenge was the ease of use as making smoke and applying that smoke to clothes was itself a hectic and tiring process. You will be amazed to know that this method is still being used in some countries and some of you just may have heard about this.
An example of this, the piece of small wood (say Oudh, the most known fragrant) is burnt and smoke of it is applied around the clothes and you will be surprised, this fragrance stays as long as more than a day.
But, every fragrance (or extract or essential oil) has different properties and could not stay long. This was the second challenge in front of the perfumer.
The methodology to apply perfume easily used the liquid (Mainly Aqua or called as Water generally) as the solvent. This solvent is known as “Base”. Do you remember, sometimes we ask for alcohol-free perfume or natural perfume, the alcohol in synthetic perfume is the “Base” used to dilute the essential oil.
The quality of alcohol is the main contributor to the best perfume. You must ever felt that some perfumes are irritant or reactive to the skin, and the reason is the quality or grade of the base used. You may find such perfumes in the market costing only a few bugs with beautifully designed bottles and packaging. Many of us must have experienced this irritation also as we bought the perfume just with the attraction of a bottle or compromising few bugs.
I am pleased to announce that I am also a perfume manufacturer and have brand JEVAL, my team never compromises on the quality but at the same time cost is also a concern and to have cost control, we selected the simple bottle. This enables us to deliver the best quality perfume for Men and perfume for women at an affordable price but a bit higher (only a very few bugs without any discount) than low-quality perfumes available in the market.
Coming back to the point, I hope, till now I am able to explain to you the Essential oil and the Base.
If you are able to recall the 2nd challenge we discussed above is the long time stay or longevity. I will try to make you understand this also.
To increase the longevity of a perfume, Perfumers invented the 3rd component known as “Fixative”. This fixative sticks the fragrance for a long time with your body or the clothes as per the application. However, there was another way to increase longevity by increasing the concentration of carrier the essential oil or extract but this method didn’t give the results as expected.
Different types of perfumes (mainly extracts) require different types of fixatives as per the formulation but as every property/material has its own fragrance, suppression of actual fragrance is observed. So, during the formulation of a perfume, perfumer takes several tests to ensure that the actual fragrance is not suppressed.
Inappropriate usage of fixative results in displeasure fragrance and as an example, such perfumes you must have experienced while selecting a perfume from the bunch available at shopping point.
It’s not specific but there is a bit confusion about the long time stay of perfume not only among the general users but also many perfumers get confused. Many perfumer increase the concentration of essential oils and to control the cost, they degrade the base quality. Such perfumes are slightly improved in longevity and while at the same time this increase in the concentration of carrier and degraded base quality experiences you the irritation as well change in fragrance like burning your nose hairs just immediately after a spray or opening the bottle.
So, while setting up the perfume, appropriate quantity, and choosing the right carrier, base and fixative play an important role and that makes every perfume different.
I believe that I am able to explain the basic components of perfume viz. Essential Oil, Base, and Fixative.
In my next blog, I will be highlighting more about the perfumes that will help you to identify the fragrance of the perfume and longevity.